NORTH OF SERBIA - VOJVODINA
Fruška Gora National Park – Monasteries of Fruška Gora
The Fruška Gora National park is situated 50 km north of Belgrade . The Park has over 1500 species of flora and over 50 protected plant species. It is richly populated with diverse species of game, especially in the area near the Danube such as: boar, fallow deer, mouflon and other species.
There are 16 monasteries on Fruska Gora Mountain , built in late Middle Ages, when under Turkish attacks, the center of Serbian culture moved to the territory that was then the southern Hungary . During the Second World War a number of monasteries were destroyed, in some of them fresco paintings and iconostases were damaged or completely ruined, and most of treasuries robbed.
The picturesque town surrounded by vineyards, situated on the slopes of Fruska Gora, 57 kilometers far from Belgrade , and 11 from Novi Sad . For over two centuries this little town had been the center of intellectual, political and cultural life of Serbian people in Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Sremski Karlovci played an important role in Serbian history, culture and religion. There are traces of presence of Greeks and Celts here. In Karlovci, Romans constructed strategically important roads supporting the fortifications along the Danube bank. Very early, they discovered the benefits of this region for growing vines. Marcus Aurelius Probus planted vine on the land surrounding Divos. The rule of Romans thus marked the beginning of viticulture. Sremski Karlovci may still be found on the map of Vine Roads through Serbia. During the following centuries, Karlovci used to be evaded by East Goths , Gepids and eventually the Turks.
At the end of the Great Vienna War (1683-1699), the peace was concluded with mediation of England and Netherlands , between Austria , Poland and Venice on one side and Turkey on the other, known as the Treaty of Karlowitz . The Karlovac Peace Treaty was the first one in the history that was discussed at the round table so that none of the parties would be in an advantageous position. The cottage where negotiations were held had four entrances so that all parties could enter at the same time. After signing the Peace Turks were driven back, since when, the history of the town has more often been related to the Habsburg Monarchy. Today, Sremski Karlovci is also famous for its high quality wine.
Novi Sad is an important commercial, cultural and tourist center on the river Danube . The history of this city dates back to Bronze Age. The first settlements were built at the location of today's Petrovaradin fortress which is situated on the right bank of the Danube River . The first fortresses were built by Celts in the 4 th century BC. It was recorded that after Celts, Romans constructed their fortress Cusum here, which fell under the invasion of Huns. Byzantines arrived in the 5 th century BC. They build the fortress known as Petrikon. In the 6 th century, Slavs inhabited this area.
In recent history the city was under the rule of Turkey , Austria and Hungary . The year of 1748 is very important as Empress Maria Theresa proclaimed and edict which proclaimed this city a free royal city and named it NEOPLANTAE, the Serbian translation of which is Novi Sad.
Petrovaradin is the most attractive monument of history and culture of Novi Sad , located in the immediate vicinity of the city. Petrovaradin is the fortress built by Austrians in order to strengthen the defense against the Turks. The fortress was built in the period between 1692 and 1780, after the design of the French architect marquis Sebastian Voban. The famous battle in which Austrian prince Eugene of Savoy defeated Turkish army in 1716, took place on this fortress. Until 1918, the fortress was used as the headquarters Austro-Hungarian army.
Farms of Vojvodina - Salaši
You can find the perfect break from urban lifestyle on the farms of Vojvodina called “Salaši”. They are located outside of villages, far away from busy roads. They consist of a house and a large garden with «čardak» - traditional wooden houses, stables, sheepfolds, orchards and vineyards.
Many of the “Salaši” have nowadays been renovated and adapted to fit the contemporary needs, thus having swimming pools, paddocks, sports terrains, ponds and other recreational facilities as small tourist resorts in the plane. In some of the “Salaši” there are still families leading the same life style of their ancestors. In the “Salaši” you have the possibility to enjoy domestic specialties, wines and memorable hospitality of your hosts. Do not miss this experience!
The Palić Lake is situated between two rivers – the Danube and the Tisa , near the Hungarian border. In years, the small village has grown into a very modern and popular lake resort.
As early as in 19 th century it was known that the water from Palic was therapeutic and by the mid of the same century the first spa was built there. The landscaping of the beautiful park, modeled after English gardens, began in 1842. Even today, the Palić Lake is highly rated thanks to its tidy beaches, sports facilities, the zoo and International Film Festival “Palic”.